Holy Ghost [from Greek hagion pneuma holy spirit or breath] The Holy Ghost or Spirit in the Occident usually means the Third Person of the Christian Trinity or Triune God. Cookies Policy [3] Most English translations of the New Testament refer to the Holy Spirit as masculine in a number of places where the masculine Greek word "Paraclete" occurs, for "Comforter", most clearly in the Gospel of John, chapters 14 to 16. These are based on the grammatical gender of both the nouns and verbs used by the original authors for the Spirit, as well as maternal analogies used by the prophets and Jesus for the Spirit in the original Bible languages. First, in Greek and Hebrew the grammatical masculine or feminine carries a much wider range of meaning than in English, from having no indication of physical gender to being gender specific. The Holy Spirit is in [en] believers when they are saved but upon [epi] them when they are baptized with the Spirit. There can be no concept of a godhead or of the Holy Spirit as a person of the godhead in the Hebrew Bible, since the concept of the Holy Trinity is entirely foreign to Judaism. Safeguarding Policy We shouldn’t be removing God’s chosen gender language to talk about God. In the Western church, we rightly (in my view) believe in the procession of the Spirit from the Father and the Son. But “it” has many wrong connotations in English, especially as we believe, rightly so, that the Holy Spirit is a divine person. HOLY SPIRIT (Hebr. But there is a further problem. 1:13; 4:30) (Is. What do we make of it? "[13], For Semitic languages, such as ancient Syriac, the earliest liturgical tradition and established gender usage for referring to the Holy Spirit is feminine. This expression is also connected with the Hagios Pneuma in Greek (e.g., Luke 11:13; Eph. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in English. We should all study the Bible using whatever resources we have and trust God to guide us in our journey. He is spirit, he is soul, and he is body, the one man. God sovereignly chose to have His Word written in Hebrew (the Old … Therefore, second, in English the gender of a noun carries much more significance than in Greek or Hebrew. Person of the Godhead that completes the Holy Trinity: God the Holy Spirit. In the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints gender is seen "as an essential characteristic of eternal identity and purpose". However, the majority of theologians have, historically, identified Wisdom with Christ the Logos. [46], There was a well established place in liturgy, prayer and doctrine for the Holy Spirit as the Mother amongst the Moravian Brethren, exemplified by Count Zinzendorf especially. The Hebrew word for "spirit" (ruach) is feminine in Genesis 1:2. In the church they are seeping into our theology and hymnody. So, we cannot argue ruach is feminine therefore we ought to translate it “she”. WD24 4AE, About us Find more words! That brings us nicely to the issues of translating from a gendered language into a less-gendered language. The Greek word in verse 16 that is translated as "Comforter" in the King James Bible is "Parakletos." Instead of just going with my gut response, I thought it better to go back to Scripture. b) In English a noun or pronoun that carries connotations of physical gender usually correlates to the gender of the object; The Holy Spirit was furthermore equated with the (grammatically feminine) Wisdom of God by two early Church fathers, Theophilus of Antioch (d. 180) and by Irenaeus (d. 202/3). The word’s first use in the Bible appears in the second verse: “The Spirit of God [Ruach Elohim] was hovering over the The Greek New Testament, however, was written in all capital letters without punctuation and spacing between words. “ – 2 Corinthians 1:21-22. sphragis- … Nick Gowers discusses the linguistic considerations in using the feminine gender for the Holy Spirit, The third person of the Trinity, gender language and translation, I attended an event recently during which we sung a number of songs - as Christians do. He sees YHVH redeeming the whole man by beginning at the very heart of man and working outward to make him complete. More work to do. The expression itself is literally “ your (God’s) Spirit of holiness” (;v=d+q* j^Wr, ruakh qodeshkha), but the Hebrew language often creates adjectival expressions by means of what is known as the construct genitive relationship between words (i.e., the construction “the…of…”; so the “Spirit of holiness” = “the Holy Spirit”). Here are four key things about the “gendered-ness” of the Greek in our New Testament: "[11], In the Catholic Church, the Holy Spirit is referred to in English as "he" in liturgical texts,[12] however the Holy See directs that "the established gender usage of each respective language [is] to be maintained. All we need is the text, the mind God gave us, and the Holy Spirit to guide us. Matthew 12:31-32 Reference to the strong man’s house (Isaiah 49). Jacobs, Joseph and Blau, Ludwig. How to say holy spirit in Greek. Some critics point out that the Greek word for "spirit," pneuma , is neuter (not gender specific) or that the Hebrew Old Testament word for "spirit," ruach , … How much we read into the gender and number of those nouns is a rather moot point. March 2020 In Greek the word pneuma is grammatically neuter[3] and so, in that language, the pronoun referring to the Holy Spirit under that name is also grammatically neuter. In Christian theology, the gender of the Holy Spirit has been the subject of some debate in recent times. An easy-to-use style plus the benefits of the Strong's Dictionary numbering system makes this study Bible one for every student of God's Word, no matter what age. The Spirit’s names and titles are useful in helping us understand His many manifestations—all that He does for us, and His magnificent role in the Trinity. The basis of this claim was that the Hebrew word for “spirit” (ruach) is feminine. We don’t need a Hebrew and Greek-speaking guru to guide us in studying the Bible. It is found in earlier writings of Syriac Christianity such as the Odes of Solomon[9] and in the Gnostic early-third-century Acts of Thomas. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit" (John 3:8). But we also need to jump to Genesis 41:8. So, Genesis 1:2 could be legitimately translated, “the Spirit of God she was hovering over the face of the waters…”. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms … This word is frequently translated as "holy," another abstract word. [30], They take the Oneness of God to mean the "familial" unity which exists between them, which unity is not seen in any other depiction of the Godhead by the various non-Hebrew peoples. [7] Daniel B. Wallace, however, disputes the claim that ekeinos is connected with pneuma in John 14:26 and 16:13-14, asserting instead that it belongs to parakletos. The typical form of the primary philosophic and cosmogonic triad is Father-Mother-Son with the female potency figuring both as mother, wife, and daughter of the Son. God's breath, His creative power, His Holy Ruach is responsible for all that is created: the universe, the earth, and even the spirit of man. The Hebrew knows nothing of the teaching that the spirit is redeemed and the soul and body are separate issues. Question: "Is it important to know Greek and Hebrew when studying the Bible?" Those first three and fundamental differences immediately gives us a number of implications. At which point it gets complicated. Combinations include expressions such as the "Holy Spirit", "Spirit of God", and in Christianity, "Spirit of Christ". In Genesis 1:2, the verb for hovered takes on the feminine of the noun. Because the Holy Spirit is neuter in gender—not masculine—there is no basis in the New Testament Greek text for mistranslating and interpreting the Holy Spirit as a person. The Greek Word for Spirit is “Pneuma,” In Hebrew Spirit is “Ruach” The Greek (New Testament) word for spirit is “pneuma” whereas the Hebrew (Old Testament) word for spirit is “ruach.” Both words mean: a current of air, wind, a breath in reference to either a human, demon, or the Holy Spirit of God. Often, people refer to the Holy Spirit as an "it," yet Scripture refers to the Holy Spirit as a male, just as it does for the Father and the Son. Theologically speaking, since the Holy Spirit is God, we can make some statements about Him from general statements about God. So, my discomfort with our songs at the conference is, it seems, a fair one. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit" (John 3:8). Hille Business Estate But we must continue with two careful qualifications. He is neither man nor woman. It shall be eaten in a holyplace; KJV:thereof: … The Feminine Gender of the Holy Spirit Addendum I The Apostle Paul's Usage of the Divine Feminine By Steve Santini Pentecost 2014 "The defining text for the … April 2020 So perhaps, like the Hebrew ruach, there is a case for asking whose spirit is being referred to? Rather, Jesus’ words and actions in time and space reveal the eternal relationships of the Trinity. Thus, the decision to capitalize a word is taken from textual clues. So perhaps, like the Hebrew ruach, there is a case for asking whose spirit is being referred to? The neuter Greek πνεῦμα is used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew רוּחַ. ", Susan Ashbrook Harvey, "Feminine Imagery for the Divine: The Holy Spirit, the Odes of Solomon, and Early Syriac Tradition,", Clark H. Pinnock, "The Role of the Spirit in Creation,", "God is not a sexual being, either male or female─something that was considered to be true in ancient Near Eastern religion. However, when the Holy Spirit is referred to by the grammatically masculine word Parakletos "counselor", the pronoun is masculine (since the pronoun refers to Parakletos rather than pneuma), as in John 16:7-8. It is believed that early Christians buried works such as the Gospel of Thomas so that they would not be des… Our staff The term “Holy Spirit” actually occurs only three times in the Hebrew Bible. Likewise, the holy spirit is not a person simply because in some instances it is personified. But the respective 'perfections' of man and woman reflect something of the infinite perfection of God: those of a mother and those of a father and husband. The word for spirit/breath/wind in the Greek New Testament (pneuma), however, is neuter. For instance in Mark 2:8 “Jesus knew in his pneuma”. "Holy Spirit", More Than Just a Controversy: All About The Holy Spirit. To the Hebrew, man is a unity. There was real meaning in calling the Spirit 'She'. !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)? HEB: יֹאכְלֶ֑נּוּ בְּמָק֤וֹם קָדוֹשׁ֙ יֵאָכֵ֔ל קֹ֥דֶשׁ NAS:of it. Most of them indicate an aspect of His function in, or ministry through, the Christian’s life. Some small Christian groups regard the gender of the Holy Spirit to be female, based on their understanding that the Hebrew word for Spirit, ruach, can be feminine or masculine. Both the word "wind" in this passage and the word "Spirit" are the same word: pneuma, the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word ruach. It perfectly describes the new man that is born into when we receive Christ as our savior. We update our blog several times a week, with news and comment on ministry, theology, the Bible, liturgy and issues of the day. As a member of my congregation rightly pointed out, the Holy Spirit is most definitely a person and not an “it.”. May 2020 August 2020 THE HEBREW VIEW OF THE NATURE OF MAN. Turner, The Holy Spirit, 77. The Holy Spirit is a δύναμις, and is expressly so called in Luke 24:49, and δύναμις ὑπιστου, Luke 1:35; but we find also πνεῦμα (or πνεῦμα ἅγιον) καί δύναμις, Acts 10:38; 1 Corinthians 2:4; and ἡ δύναμις τοῦ πνεύματος, Luke 4:14, where πνεῦμα is regarded as the essence, and δύναμις its efficacy; but in 1 Thessalonians 1:5 ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ is epexegetical of ἐν δυνάμει. To reveal himself who are we to change God ’ s self-identification? is. 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